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Difference among 189 vs 190 vs 489

Subclass 189, 190 and 489 are part of Australian Skilled Migration program and are for skilled applicants seeking permanent residency in Australia.

The application process for all the visa subclassed listed above are similar; all require a positive skills assessment from the relevant authority; an expression of interest to be submitted; meeting the migration points threshold; receiving an invitation from the Department to apply for a visa; meeting character and health requirements for all family members.

There are, however, differences under each stream as well:

Subclass 189 visa is an independent skilled visa, permanent once granted; it requires the applicant to nominate an occupation on the medium to long term occupation list and receive an invitation from the Department to apply for the visa.

Subclass 190 is a state nominated skilled visa, permanent once granted; it requires the applicant to be nominated by an Australian state government or state territory before an invitation from the Department can be issued. The applicant can nominate an occupation on either the medium to long term list or the short term list. The applicant needs to make a commitment to live and work in the nominating state territory for at least 2 years from the date of visa grant. Should you be granted a visa under this subclass there are obligations to undertake, such as the candidate is required to live and work for a minimum of two years in the nominating state and to participate in surveys conducted by the state and so forth.

Subclass 489 is a state nominated or family sponsored skilled visa, temporary visa valid for four years once granted; the visa holder will need to reside in the nominating state territory for at least 2 years from date of visa grant/entry into Australia, with at least 1 year full-time employment before they are able to apply for a permanent visa.

Note that ‘state sponsorship’ does not mean the state offers you a job, or will get you a job. It means that the state or territory will support your application, and that gives you additional points towards your application (5 points for a 190 application)

What are the main criteria for each visa?

 

Core Qualifying Criteria Basic Requirements
Skilled Independent Visa You must have an occupation that appears on the skilled shortage lists. A score of at least 65 points in a skills assessment
Competent in English
Be under the age of 45
Skilled Nomination Visa You must have been nominated by an Australian state or territory government agency, and your occupation appears on the skilled shortage lists of that particular state. A score of at least 65 points in a skills assessment
Competent in English
Be under the age of 45
Subclass 489 You must have been nominated by an Australian state or territory government agency or sponsored by an eligible relative living in a designated area, and you have been nominated in an occupation that appears on the relevant skilled occupation lists.

Applications are also considered from those who hold provisional visas in subclasses 496, 495, 487 or 475 under the Extended Pathway Scheme

A score of at least 65 points in a skills assessment
Competent in English
Be under the age of 45

Skilled Occupation list

On 19 April 2017, the: Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) replaced the previous ‘Skilled Occupation List’ (SOL) Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL) replaced the previous ‘Consolidated Sponsored Occupation List’ (CSOL).

For further information, access ‘Planning to apply for Australia’s permanent residency? Check if your occupation is on the new MLTSSL list’.

Application Process

  Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5
Subclass 189 Independent Skilled Visa Skill Assessment Expression of Interest Receiving an invitation from DOHA* DOHA* Visa application
Subclass 190 State-sponsored Skilled Visa Skill Assessment Expression Of Interest State Sponsorship Application Receiving an invitation from DOHA* DOHA* Visa application
Subclass 489 Skill Assessment Expression Of Interest State nomination Receiving an invitation from DOHA* DOHA* Visa application

*Department of Home Affairs

Processing Times

Skills Assessment: Processing times vary depending on the skills assessing authority for different occupations.
It may take from one week to twelve working weeks for the authorities to finalize your skills assessment.

State Sponsorship: State/territory governments (except NSW, Victoria and Queensland currently) would accept applications on submission. Subject to the availability, it would usually take 8-12 weeks for the state to finalize the nomination application.

The state government may stop the nomination process when they are not in strong demand of skilled professionals in one or more areas. State governments may also change their occupation list any time through the year.

Invitation Round: The DOHA* currently issues invitations once a month – 11th of each month since July 2018. The higher the migration points you achieve, the higher the possibility that you will be invited by the Department to apply for your visa.

Lodging your visa application: processing time for skilled visas is around 7 to 11 months after lodgement.
We would encourage clients to think carefully and make their own decision on these visa pathways. If you’re not sure, then please contact us to pre-assess your current situation as we are happy to advise you how to get the best result.

Always take into consideration your migration points, processing time, as well as the obligations (190) upon the grant of your visa.

Published Wed 9 January 2019. Tags: , ,

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